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Subhadra Kumari Chauhan Biography | Subhadra Kumari Chauhan Poems – Jhansi Ki Rani.

Biography of  Subhadra Kumari Chauhan

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan was a famous Hindi poet and writer. Two of his poetry collections and three story collections were published but his fame is due to Jhansi Ki Rani Kavita. She has been a conscious poet of national consciousness, but she also expressed her feelings in the story after suffering many jail tortures in the freedom struggle. The language of the atmosphere illustration-oriented style is simple and poetic, due to which the simplicity of their composition is heart-wrenching.

Early life of Subhadra Kumari Chauhan:

 He was born on the day of Nagpanchami, in a village named Nihalpur near Allahabad, in the landlord family of Ramnath Singh. She started composing poems from her childhood. His works are full of the spirit of nationalism. Subhadra Kumari Chauhan, had four sisters and two brothers. His father, Thakur Ramnath Singh, was a lover of education and under his supervision, his early education also took place. She moved to Jabalpur in 1919 after her marriage with Thakur Laxman Singh of Khandwa.

 She was the first woman to participate in Gandhi’s non-cooperation movement in 1921. She also went to jail twice. The biography of Subhadra Kumari Chauhan, her daughter, Sudha Chauhan has been written in a book titled ‘Mila Tej Se Tej’. It is published by Hans Prakashan, Allahabad. Apart from being a writer, she was also a fighter of the freedom struggle. Dr. Mangala Anuja’s book Subhadra Kumari Chauhan throws light on the life of her literary and freedom struggle.

 Subhadra Kumari Chauhan was born on the day of Nagpanchami on 16 August 1904 in Nihalpur village near Allahabad. His father’s name was ‘Thakur Ramnath Singh’. Subhadra Kumari’s poetic talent was exposed since childhood. Your student life was spent in Prayag. Educated at ‘Krasthwaite Girls’ College’. In 1913, at the age of nine, Subhadra’s first poem was published in the magazine ‘Maryada’, which came out of Prayag. This poem was published in the name of ‘Subhadrakunvari’. This poem was written on the ‘Neem’ tree.

 Subhadra was fickle and sharp-minded. He used to get a reward for coming first in studies. Subhadra used to write poetry very quickly, as if she did not have to make any effort. She usually used to write poems for school work in a tonga on the way from home. Due to composing this poem, he had great fame in the school.

 In 1919 AD, she was married to ‘Thakur Laxman Singh’, after marriage she started living in Jabalpur. Subhadrakumari Chauhan, along with her playwright husband Laxman Singh, joined the Satyagraha at the age of one and a half years of marriage and spent many important years of her life in jail. He served the society and politics while improving the life of the household and the little children.

  His first collection of poetry ‘Mukul’ was published in 1930. His selected poems have been published in ‘Tridhara’. ‘Jhansi ki Rani’ is his famous composition. Poem: Unique charity, Worship, Its cry, Neglect, Glee, Discord-cause, Cuckoo, Toyman, While walking, Worry, Life-flower, On the tomb of the queen of Jhansi, The queen of Jhansi, The twinkling stars, Give up or love , you, neem, introduction, water and incense, ask, wait, first sight, Lord you know my mind, from the beloved, to the flower, parting, illusion, sweet cup, withered flower, my song, my life, my new Childhood, my take, my wanderer, this Kadamba tree-2, this Kadamba tree, victorious peacock, farewell, what a spring, pain, anxious desire, dedication, sadh, towards the country, spring in Jallianwala Bagh.

Born in the year 1904 in Nihalpur village of Allahabad, the poems of Subhadrakumari Chauhan are full of national consciousness and ooze. Since childhood, the feeling of patriotism was so deeply ingrained in your mind that in the year 1921, leaving your studies, you actively participated in the non-cooperation movement. You went to jail many times in this fight for freedom.

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 After marriage you settled in Jabalpur. Equality of words and deeds is a major part of Subhadra’s personality. Hearing your creations, even a dying person can be filled with energy. This poetess, who wrote true poetry without any complications, got separated from us in a road accident in 1948. ‘Mukul’ and ‘Tridhara’ are your collections of poetry.

 In 1920-21, Subhadra and Laxman Singh were members of the All India Congress Committee. He participated in Nagpur Congress and spread the message of Congress from door to door. In renunciation and simplicity, Subhadra ji used to wear white khadi dhoti without border. Despite being very fond of jewelry and clothes, she did not use bangles and bindi. Seeing them in plain clothes, Bapu asked Subhadra ji, ‘Ben! Are you married?’ Subhadra said, ‘Yes!’ And then excitedly told that my husband has also come with me.

 Upon hearing this, Baa and Bapu were convinced, there were also some angry. Bapu scolded Subhadra, ‘Why don’t you have vermilion on your forehead and why didn’t you wear bangles? Go, come tomorrow wearing a fringed sari. The magic of Subhadra ji’s innately affectionate mind and sincere nature used to work on everyone. His life was full of love and it was not empty even by sharing pure love continuously. Jabalpur’s ‘Jhanda Satyagraha’ of 1922 was the first Satyagraha in the country and Subhadra ji was the first woman Satyagrahi.

There were daily meetings and in which Subhadra also spoke. The correspondent of ‘Times of India’ in one of his reports referred to her as local Sarojini. Very easy way in Subhadra ji


Hindi poetess who was also the first woman to participate in the non-cooperation movement.

She was a queen of Jhansi.


These lines were recited many times remembering Rani Laxmibai of Jhansi. In the poetry written by the poet Subhadrakumari Chauhan, there was energy, compassion, memory and reverence for that heroine of the country. From this one poem she got fame in Hindi poetry and she became immortal in literature.


This poem written by him was not only on paper, but the spirit which he put down on paper, he also lived it. There is evidence of this that Subhadra Kumari Chauhan was the first woman to participate in Mahatma Gandhi’s non-cooperation movement and went to jail several times.

Subhadrakumari Chauhan was born on 16 August 1904 in Nihalpur near Allahabad. Father Ramnath Singh was a landowner but was also conscious about studies. Showing her talent, Subhadra also started reciting poetry from her childhood. The first poem was published at the age of 9, which he wrote on a neem tree.


She not only used to write poetry in a short time but was also a topper in studies. It was obvious that she became as much a favorite of her teachers as she was to her classmates. The process of writing poetry which started in childhood, then continued for life.

One of his poems is ‘Veer Ka Kaisa Ho Vasant’.


call from the Himalayas

Uday thunders again and again

Prachi West Bhu Nabha immense;

Everyone is asking Dig-Digant

how is the spring of the heroes


This sentiment is not irrigated only in his poetry. When Gandhiji was calling for his movement across the country, Subhadra also registered his participation. It is evident that she was not only a nationalist poet but also a patriotic woman. In ‘Jallian Wale Bagh Mein Vasant’ he wrote-


granular pollen stains

Ha! This lovely garden is stained with blood.

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Come on dear Rituraj? but come slow

This is the place of mourning. Don’t make noise here.

Gentle boy died here after taking a bullet

Bring a little bit of buds for them to drop.

Subhadra’s marriage was fixed with Laxman Singh. Laxman Singh was a playwright and he always supported his wife in pursuing her talent. Together they worked for the Congress. Subhadra used to go among the women and inspire them to adopt Swadeshi and give up all narrow-mindedness. Taking care of her household, she used to serve literature and society. Even at the young age of 44, he created a lot.


He wrote three story collections which include Bhetar Moti, Manrini and Straight Sadhe Chitra. The poetry collection includes Mukul, Tridhara etc. His daughter Sudha Chauhan is married to Premchand’s son Amrit Rai, he wrote the biography of his mother named ‘Mile Tej Se Tej’.

Born on August 16, 1904, Subhadrakumari Chauhan died on February 15, 1948 at the age of 44. She used to say about her death that “I do not have the idea of ‚Äč‚Äčleaving the earth even after I die. I want to have a samadhi, around which a fair is held, children keep playing, women keep singing and There was commotion.”

Poems of Subhadra Kumari Chauhan

This kadamba tree

If this Kadamba tree was the mother Yamuna arrows

I too sit on it and slowly become Kanhaiya


If you would have taken me the flute, you two pennies

Somehow this Kadamba’s branch gets low


I don’t tell you anything but I come secretly

Amma would climb higher from that lower branch


Sitting there then I used to play the flute with great pleasure

Saying Amma-Amma calls you in the voice of Vanshi


Even after calling a lot, when the mother does not come down

Mother, then your mother’s heart would be very troubled for you


You spread the aanchal Amma right there under the tree

My eyes closed while praying to God


Seeing you in mind, I come slowly

and hides under your wide lap


You open your eyes nervous, but mother will be happy

When she could find her Munna Raja in her lap


We used to play something like this, you slowly

If this Kadamba tree was the mother Yamuna arrows

first sight

when he first appeared

stubborn eyes stuck

suddenly without an introduction



both eyes even when closed

standing in front of you

his image in pupils

siren, the living root is gone


their memory to forget

how many treatments

But that idol of his

The impression has fallen on the heart

reject or love

God! Many of your worshipers come in many ways

Valuable Gifts in Service They Bring Many Colors


They come to the temple with pomp and show

Muktamani brings you valuable things


I am the poorest who did not bring anything along

Still courageously went to the temple to worship


There is no incense-lamp-naivedya, not the makeup of the tableau

Hi! Not even a necklace of flowers to wear around the neck


How to do kirtan, there is no melody in my voice

There is no tact in speech to express the feeling of the mind


No charity, no dakshina left empty handed

Do not know the method of worship, yet Nath came


Worship and worship Prabhuvar consider this priest

Consider this beggar as donation-dakshina and offering.


I have come to show the thirsty heart of frantic love

Whatever it is, it is near, I have come to offer it


Offered at the feet, accept it if you want

It’s your thing, reject or love


Hey! Give it a shield, let it drink! Heartfelt lovely saki

Don’t be sad, the rest of this short life


Drink so deep that the color remains new

Forget yourselves and aliens; you are the one come to see

 Drink mold and drink so that the world gets drunk

Sako! In this intoxication, we will save Mother India

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Subhadra Kumari Chauhan Google Doodle

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan

Writer and freedom fighter Subhadra Kumari Chauhan, popular for her poem ‘Jhansi Ki Rani’ on Rani Lakshmi Bai, has been honored with a Google Doodle to commemorate her 117th birth anniversary. Subhadra Kumari Chauhan was born on 16 August 1904 in Nihalpur village near Prayagraj.


Born on August 16, the poetess who is best known for writing ‘Jhansi ki Rani’ also wrote famous titles like Vasant in Jallianwala Bagh, Veeron Ka Kaisa Ho Basant, Rakhi Ki Chahalla and Vida, which gave a unique expression to India’s independence movement.

Chauhan’s poetry and prose mainly centered around the difficulties that Indian women conquered, such as gender and caste discrimination. His poetry was conspicuously underlined by his steadfast nationalism. In 1923, Chauhan’s steadfast activism led her to become the first woman Satyagrahi, a member of the Indian group of non-violent anti-colonialists, to be arrested in the struggle for national liberation. She continued to make revolutionary statements in the struggle for independence both on and off the page in the 1940s, publishing a total of 88 poems and 46 short stories. 

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